Ukraine’s Zelenskyy Defiant as Russia Pulls Out of Kharkiv: NPR

A Ukrainian serviceman patrols during a reconnaissance mission in a recently retaken village on the outskirts of Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine, on Saturday, May 14, 2022.

Mstislav Chernov/AP

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Mstislav Chernov/AP

A Ukrainian serviceman patrols during a reconnaissance mission in a recently retaken village on the outskirts of Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine, on Saturday, May 14, 2022.

Mstislav Chernov/AP

KYIV, Ukraine — Fresh off his country’s Eurovision victory, defiant Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy vowed Sunday morning to host the song contest in the beleaguered city of Mariupol, which is almost entirely in Russian hands, aside from from a stalwart group of a few hundred. Ukrainian fighters who continue to resist in a steel factory.

The Kalush Orchestra of Ukraine won the popular contest with their song “Stefania”, which has become a popular anthem among Ukrainians during the war, and their victory was a morale boost.

“Our courage impresses the world, our music conquers Europe,” Zelenskyy said on Facebook. “Next year, Ukraine will host Eurovision!”

The band made an impassioned plea during the show to help the fighters still at the Azovstal steel plant in the port city, with Zelenskyy saying “one day” the contest will be held “in a Ukrainian Mariupol.”

The president’s upbeat words come as Russian troops withdraw from Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, after weeks of shelling it, and Moscow’s forces remain locked in an uphill battle for the country’s eastern industrial heartland. the Donbas.

Russia has now likely lost a third of the ground combat forces it committed in February and continues to suffer “consistently high levels of attrition” without making any substantial territorial gains over the past month, Britain’s Defense Ministry said in its update. intelligence daily. Sunday.

“Russia’s Donbas offensive has lost momentum and is significantly delayed,” the ministry said on Twitter, adding that the forces are suffering from “continued low morale and reduced combat effectiveness.”

“Under current conditions, Russia is unlikely to drastically accelerate its rate of advance in the next 30 days,” the ministry said.

In the western city of Lviv, a Russian missile hit “military infrastructure facilities” early Sunday, but there was no immediate information on deaths or injuries, Lviv regional governor Maksym Kozytskyy said on the Telegram messaging app.

Russia has been targeting rail facilities and other critical infrastructure in and around Lviv, which is close to the Polish border and has been a major gateway for NATO-supplied weapons.

Western officials have said that despite the attacks there has been no appreciable impact on Ukraine’s ability to resupply its forces.

As Russian forces withdraw from the northeastern city of Kharkiv, Ukraine’s military has said Moscow is now focusing on protecting supply routes, while launching mortar, artillery and aircraft attacks on the eastern Donetsk region in a attempt to exhaust Ukrainian forces and destroy fortifications.

Russian forces control a horseshoe-shaped swath of territory in the Ukrainian areas of Donetsk and Lugansk, which make up the Donbas region, the border area where Ukraine has fought Moscow-backed separatists since 2014.

In southern Donbas, the Azov seaport of Mariupol is now largely under Russian control, except for the few hundred soldiers left in the steel factory.

A convoy of between 500 and 1,000 cars carrying civilians out of the city was reportedly able to reach the Ukrainian-controlled city of Zaporizhzhia on Saturday, while Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Iryna Vereshchuk said authorities were negotiating the evacuation of 60 seriously wounded soldiers from the steel mill. .

After failing to capture kyiv following the February 24 invasion, Russian President Vladimir Putin shifted his focus east to the Donbas, with the aim of encircling Ukraine’s most experienced and well-equipped troops and seizing the territory. which is still under the control of Ukraine.

Airstrikes and artillery shelling make it extremely dangerous for journalists to move around the east, hampering efforts to get a full picture of the fighting. But it appears to be a back-and-forth slog with no breakthroughs on either side.

Russia has captured some towns and cities in Donbas, including Rubizhne, which before the war had a population of around 55,000.

Zelenskyy said Ukrainian forces have also made gains in the east, retaking six towns or villages in the last day. In his late-night speech on Saturday, he said that “the situation in Donbas is still very difficult” and that Russian troops “are still trying to emerge at least somewhat victorious.”

“Step by step,” Zelenskyy said, “we are forcing the occupiers to leave the Ukrainian land.”

Kharkiv, which is close to the Russian border and just 80 kilometers (50 miles) southwest of the Russian city of Belgorod, has suffered weeks of heavy bombardment. The largely Russian-speaking city with a prewar population of 1.4 million was a key military target early in the war, when Moscow hoped to capture and hold major cities.

Regional Governor Oleh Sinegubov said via the Telegram messaging app that there had been no shelling attacks in Kharkiv the day before.

He added that Ukraine has launched a counteroffensive near Izyum, a city 125 kilometers (78 miles) south of Kharkiv that has been controlled by Russia since at least early April.

Putin has justified the war in Ukraine by claiming that it was a response to NATO’s expansion into Eastern Europe.

But the invasion has other countries along Russia’s flank worried they may be next, and last week Finland’s president and prime minister said they favor seeking NATO membership. Officials in Sweden are expected to announce a decision on Sunday on whether to apply to join the Western military alliance.

In a phone call on Saturday, Putin told Finnish President Sauli Niinisto that there are no threats to Finland’s security and that joining NATO would be a “mistake” and would “negatively affect Russian-Finnish relations.”

Possible offers from the Nordic nations came into question on Friday when Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his country “does not have a favorable opinion.”

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken was scheduled to meet with his NATO counterparts, including Turkey’s foreign minister, this weekend in Germany.

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