Attacks in Darfur displace 84,000 people in June alone: ​​UN | News

Last year, at least 440,500 were displaced, five times more than in 2020, according to the UN.

Violence in western Sudan this month alone has displaced more than 84,000 people, doubling the number of people driven from their homes so far this year, according to UN reports.

The figures are the highest since January 2021. Last year, at least 440,500 people were displaced, five times more than in 2020, UN data shows.

Aid workers fear a displacement crisis similar to that triggered by the conflict in Darfur in the early 2000s.

Violence in Darfur escalated after 2003 when the Sudanese government enlisted the help of Arab tribal militias commonly known as the Janjaweed, later formalized as the People’s Defense Forces, to put down a rebellion by mostly African farmers who felt they Khartoum was treating them unfairly.

At least 2.5 million people were displaced and 300,000 died in the violence. The government denied arming and supporting the Janjaweed and using them against tribal rebels.

A peacekeeping force mandated by a 2020 peace deal has yet to be widely deployed. Finance minister and rebel group leader Jibril Ibrahim said raising money to implement the deal has been difficult.

The June violence included fighting in the West Darfur town of Kulbus, where 125 people were killed and 50,000 displaced when Arab militias attacked villages belonging to the Gimir tribe.

“Before we finish responding to one major emergency or attack, two others have already happened,” said Will Carter of the Norwegian Refugee Council. “So far, nothing prevents this from becoming a new large-scale displacement emergency.”

In South Kordofan state, home to another long-running civil conflict, fighting this month between Hawazma and Kenana tribes in Abu Jubayhah killed 19 and displaced 15,150 after more than 4,000 houses were burned, UNOCHA said. .

In a statement Wednesday, Human Rights Watch said Sudan’s transitional government and military rulers who took power in October failed to provide adequate protection after international peacekeepers left in 2021 or address the underlying causes of the crisis. conflict, including disputes over land and resources.

General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, whose Rapid Support Forces grew out of Janjaweed and is the deputy leader of Sudan’s governing council, visited West Darfur this week, calling for an end to the fighting and promising to donate health and school facilities.

These attacks come as the country remains mired in a broader crisis following the military coup in October. The inauguration upended Sudan’s transition to democracy after a popular uprising forced the ouster of President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.

The violence has raised questions about whether Sudanese military leaders are capable of providing security in Darfur.

In 2020, the UN Security Council ended its peacekeeping mission there. Local aid workers have now called on the UN to redeploy peacekeepers to the region amid a surge in tribal violence.

Al-Bashir, who has been imprisoned in Khartoum since he was ousted in 2019, was indicted more than 10 years ago by the International Criminal Court for genocide and crimes against humanity perpetrated in Darfur.

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